TAX FACTS 2018/2019

Allowances and Reliefs

 

£ (GBP)

Personal allowance for people born after 5 April 1938

£11,850

Income limit for personal allowance

£100,000

Personal allowance for people born before 6 April 1938

£11,850

Income Limit for personal allowances (born before 6 April 1938) 

£28,900

Married couple's allowance before 6 April 1935

Married couple's allowance maximum amount

£8,695

Married couple's allowance minimum amount

£3,360

Transferable Tax Allowance for married couples and civil partners

£1,190

Blind person's allowance

£2,390

 

Income Tax Rates

Rate on taxable income

Band, £(GBP)

Rate,%

Starting savings rate

 0 - £5,000

0*

Basic rate

 £0 - £34,500

20**

Higher rate

£34,501 - £150,000

40***

Additional rate

 over £150,000

45****

* Starting savings rate is available for savings income only. The rate 0% is not available if taxable non-savings income exceeds £5,000.

Dividend Allowance of £2,000 is tax free. 
** except dividends (7.5%)
*** except dividends (32.5%)
**** except dividends (38.1%)

 

National Insurance Contributions

Weekly earnings £(GBP)

Not contracted out

Class I (employment) Employee’s rate

 

Up to £162

Nil

£162 to £892

12%

Over £892

2%

Employment allowance, per employer, per year

£3,000

Employer’s rates  

 

Up to £162

Nil

Above £162

13.8%

Class 2

Annual small earning exception is £6,205 per year

Class 2 rate per week is £2.95

 

Class 4

Lower annual earnings limit is £8,424

 

Upper annual earnings limit is £46,350

 

Class 4 rate between lower and upper earnings limit

9%

Class 4 rate above upper earnings limit

2%

 

 Capital Gains Tax

 Higher rate taxpayers

20%

Standard rate taxpayers

10%

Rates for trustees and personal representatives

20%

Individual annual exemption 

£11,700

Trusts annual exemption 

£5,850

Entrepreneurs’ relief life time limit

£10,000,000

Entrepreneurs' rate

10%

Residential property

18% / 28%

 

 Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs) After 1 July 2014

 Max annual contributions – Total overall annual investment limit a combination of amounts between a Cash and Stocks and Shares NISA, up to the overall annual limit of £20,000.

£20,000

 

Stamp Duty (from 4 December 2014)

From 4 December 2014 the SDLT rates were changed by a new regime under which you will only pay the rate of tax on the part of the property price within each tax band.

 3% surcharge in addition to the existing stamp duty land tax rates on additional or rental properties above £40,000 from 1 April 2016.

 

Residential 

 

£125,000 or less

Nil

On the next £125,000

2%

On the next £675,000

5% / 15%

On the next £575,000

10% / 15%

On the rest (above £1,500,000)

12% / 15%

Non-residential or mixed use

 

£150,000 or less  - annual rent less than 1,000

Nil

£150,001 – £250,000 

2%

Over £250,000

5%

Shares and Securities

 Standard rate - 0.5%, higher rate - 1.5%

Lease rentals (on grant): The net present value is charged at 1% on the excess over £125,000 for residential and 1% on the excess over £150,000 for non-residential or mixed use, land.

1 The threshold for properties in disadvantaged areas is £150,000

2 The 15% rate applies to properties over £500,000 purchased on or after 20 March 2014 by ‘non-natural persons’, such as a company

3 Special rules apply to stamp duty land tax on premiums where the annual rent exceeds £1,000

4 2% surcharge on stamp duty and tax rates on commercial property with a net present value over £5 million

 

Capital Allowances

 

Annual investment allowance on new purchase of plant and machinery from 1 January 2016

£200,000

First year allowance (FYA) for business expenditure on new low rate (110g/km) emission vehicles

100%

Writing-down allowances

%

Integral features

8

Long Life assets

8

Other plant and machinery

18

Vehicles with emissions less than or equal to 75g/km

100%

Vehicles with emissions between 76g/km and 130g/km

18

Vehicles with emissions over 130g/km

8

 

 Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings

 Property value is from £500,000 to £1m

£3,600

Property value is from £1 million to £2 million

£7,250

Property value is from £2 million to £5 million

£24,250

Property value is from £5 million to £10 million 

£56,550

Property value is from £10 million to £20 million

£113,400

Property value is above £20 million

£226,950

Disposal of ATED property gains are subject to capital gain tax

28%

 

 

 

Corporation Tax

 

Taxable profit £ (GBP)s

Taxable profits

19%

 

 VAT

 Standard Rate

20%

Lower Rate

5%

Zero Rate

0%

Annual Turnover Limits for registration - last 12 months or if turnover is going to exceed within the next 30 days

£ 85,000

Annual Turnover Limits for de-registration

£ 83,000

 

Inheritance tax

 

£1 – 325,000 (Lifetime limit)

0% *

Over £325,000

40% **

Annual Exemption

 

Annual gifts per donor per year

£3,000

Small gifts per donee per year

£250

Wedding gifts to each of your children

£5,000

Wedding gifts to each grandchild

£2,500

Wedding gifts to others

£1,000

*If someone’s estate is less than the Inheritance Tax threshold of £325,000, the remaining threshold can be transferred to their husband, wife or civil partner’s estate when they die.

** If the value of your estate, if you donate at least 10 per cent of your total assets to charity, tax may be reduced to 30%.

 

 Non Domiciled Remittance Basis Charges (RBC)

 

Unremitted income less than 2,000

0%

Resident in the UK at least 7 of previous 9 tax years

£30,000

Resident in the UK at least 12 of previous 14 tax years

£60,000

Resident in the UK at least 17 of the previous 20 tax years, if you’re reporting income you earned before 6 April 2017*

£90,000

Personal allowance

0%

Capital Gains Tax Annual Exemption

0%

Capital gain Tax rate

18%/28%

*From 5th April 2017, once non-domiciled individuals were resident in the UK for at least 15 of the 20 tax years, they will be deemed UK domiciled for all tax purposes

 

 Pension Schemes Allowance

 

Annual Allowance

£40,000

Lifetime Allowance

£1,030,000

 

Tax efficient Savings and Investment

 

Venture Capital Trust up to

£200,000

Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme up to

£100,000

Enterprise Investment Scheme

£1,000,000

Social Investment Tax Relief

£1,000,000

 

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